Elementary Program » Lower Elementary Transitional Benchmarks

Lower Elementary Transitional Benchmarks

Lower Elementary Transitional Benchmarks

Social Fluency and Emotional Flexibility

  • Assumes responsibility for fostering the well-being of the classroom community (fixing a mess, participating in group games).
  • Includes peers in daily activity - lunches/snack, group work, outdoor play
  • Recovers from disappointment
  • Embraces new experiences
  • Collaborates and compromises in group interactions
  • Follows social interaction conventions (“please”, “thank you”, “excuse me”, etc.)
  • Identifies virtues in self and others
  • Respectful of others body space and work space

Executive Functions

  • Choose work appropriately and independently
  • Completes a work cycle independently
  • Maintains focus amid peer interactions
  • Attends to detail and care in final products (projects, papers, presentations)
  • Invests maximum effort in projects that can take more than one day to complete
  • Persists in the face of challenge
  • Works toward mastery rather than adult approval
  • Refrains from interrupting ongoing conversation
  • Plans and reflects on work - as represented in a work journal or daily/weekly planner.

Linguistic and Cultural Fluency 

  • Reads words containing phonograms, recognizing phonograms in both onset and rime
  • Demonstrates key comprehension skills, including predicting textual meaning, skimming for main ideas, scanning for detailed information, and reading for inferred adn/or implied meanings
  • Identifies main ideas, arguments, and evidence in a persuasive text
  • Evaluates factual and persuasive texts
  • Presents opinions and questions about a literary text supported by simple evidence from the text
  • Uses knowledge about the structure of different types of texts, as well as grammar and vocabulary patterns, to compare different writing styles and to expand and enhance meaning-making in sentences and texts
  • Identifies the purpose of parts of factual texts (title, author, table of contents/menu, text, illustrations, diagrams and tables, index, bibliography)
  • Recognizes a variety of factual and persuasive texts in a variety of forms, including: prose, letter-writing, images, diagrams, tables, flow charts, multimedia (paper-based, digital and web-based)
  • Recognizes and identifies a variety of forms of literature (drama, poetry, myths, fables, etc.)
  • Demonstrates cursive handwriting skills (letter formation, directionality, slope, starting and finishing points, joins, placement on line)
  • Uses digital technology, when appropriate, for communication, record-keeping, creative writing and project work
  • Edit written texts using feedback from peers and adults
  • Explores and evaluates own style, and the style of other writers, using knowledge about the elements of writing, including structure of different types of text, grammar patterns, knowledge of vocabulary
  • Composes and presents written literary, factual and persuasive texts
  • Understand the purpose  and structure of a paragraph and use of flow of related paragraphs to compose texts in their own writing
  • Use appropriate intonation, gestures and eye contact when speaking
  • Uses conversational and academic words and phrases in context and demonstrate understanding of the nuances in word meaning
  • Recognizes and use the parts of words (word bases; prefixes; suffixes)
  • Demonstrates a variety of spelling strategies (sounding it out, identifying consonant and vowel patterns, identifying onset and rime, syllabification, visualization, etymology, spelling patterns, association with known words
  • Appropriately uses punctuation marks (full stop, comma, question mark, exclamation mark, colon and semi-colon, quotation marks, hyphen and dash) and capitalization in written work
  • Recognizes and identifies the function of all parts of speech, their grammar symbol and place them in sentences effectively
  • Analyzes simple sentences to identify subject, predicate, direct object, attributive and appositive structures, adverbials, indirect objects and write simple sentences which include all parts


  • Understands one to one correspondence and number symbol for 1 to 1,000
  • Understands place value through 1,000,000. Understands the patterns and relation of unit, tens and hundreds families. Use place value to align multi-digit equations
  • Solves whole number mathematical problems using all four operations with Montessori materials (to the materials full place value capacity) moving towards abstraction
  • Memorizes addition (0-10), subtraction (0-10) and multiplication facts (0-12)
  • Understands inverse relationships of addition & subtraction and multiplication & division. 
  • Explores commutative and associative laws as well as inverse operations with whole numbers
  • Uses vocabulary for talking about addition (first addend, second addend, sum), subtraction (minuend, subtrahend, difference), multiplication (multiplicand, multiplier, product) and division (dividend, divisor, quotient)
  • Demonstrates understanding of the language (whole, fraction) and notation of fractions from halves to tenths
  • Uses vocabulary for talking about the parts of a fraction (numerator, denominator, fraction line)
  • Demonstrates understanding of equivalent fractions, raising and reducing fractions and ordering fractions
  • Adds and subtract fractions with same denominators, and multiplies and divides fractions by whole numbers

Measurement and Geometry

  • Understands time (year, day, hour, minute, second) and can read a clock to the minute
  • Understands units of money (dollars and cents) their value and the concept and use of money
  • Uses a variety of tools and techniques to measure time, weight, length, height, distance, volume and temperature
  • Solves problems with measurement, time, volume and mass
  • Measures and estimates length in standard units
  • Finds area and perimeter
  • Collects information and represents data in graphs and tables
  • Recognizes and names solid geometry shapes: cube, square-based prism, triangular-based prism, square-based prism, triangular-based pyramid, cone, cylinder, ellipsoid, ovoid, sphere
  • Recognizes and names plane geometry shapes: triangle, square, circle, types of triangles, types of quadrilaterals, regular polygons, pentagon, hexagon, heptagon, octagon, nonagon, decagon, curved figures, compound and curvilinear figures
  • Understands fundamental geometry concepts: point, line, surface, solid
  • Identifies types of lines (straight, curved), parts (origin, ray), position (horizontal, oblique, vertical), and the relationship between two lines (parallel, convergent, divergent, transversal, perpendicular)
  • Identifies types of angles (acute, obtuse, whole, convex, reflex) and parts (vertex, arm) and measure angles using degree as a unit of measure
  • Explains the concepts of symmetry, congruent, similar and equivalent using Montessori materials

Cultural Subjects (Geography, Science, History)

  • Understands and interprets a timeline
  • Can discuss key elements related to the formation of the universe and earth
  • Identifies and discusses fundamental needs of humans
  • Can name and discuss the earth’s physical characteristics
  • Names the continents and some of the countries of the world as well as the states of the US
  • Uses language  related to geological time scale to discuss the history of the universe and earth
  • Uses the three kingdoms (mineral, plant, animal) to guide discussion of the earth
  • Recognizes and names three states of matter (solid, liquid, gas) and explains how matter changes state
  • Identifies major bodies of the solar system
  • Identifies and names parts of the plant - leaf, root, stem, flower, fruit, seeds
  • Identifies and names classification of living things - kingdoms, phyla, etc.
  • Identifies and names biological structures and functions of - cells, systems, photosynthesis, etc.
  • Identifies and names components of matter - elements, atoms, molecules, cells, etc.